Update to Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

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After 4 years running Ubuntu 10.04 LTS I bumped into troubles after a regular Ubuntu update (X server had severe problems, menu items were blocked). So I first updated to Ubuntu 12 (on the command line). Since Ubuntu 12.04 did not run flawlessly (problems with display settings) and 14 was already out I just moved on to update to the 14 version.

Using Ubuntu 14 differs significantly from Ubuntu 10, mainly due to Unity

Here are some life-savers:

Good introduction
Wikipedia (Explains the 'dash', HUD, quicklist etc.), Explains the start menu
Install drawers
With drawers it is possible to put programs in the Unity Startmenu into subfolders (drawers). Installation:
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ian-berke/ppa-drawers
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install drawers
Video eplaining drawers.
Install 'Unity Tweak Tool'
Tweak Tool
Enable workspaces
Top right corner, System Settings..., Appearance, Behaviour, [x] Enable workspaces
Switch workspaces
Press Super S to switch between workspaces
Switch programs within workspace
Install indicators (items on the top right corner) (see available indicators)
  • performance indicator: sudo apt-get install indicator-multiload
  • Shutter (takes screenshots):
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:shutter/ppa (press Enter)  
 sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install shutter (press Y)
Open Dash and enter 'shutter', start program -> appears in top toolbar
  • Pastie (Clipboard Manager)
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:hel-sheep/pastie
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install pastie
  • Weather indicator
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install my-weather-indicator
Re-enable hibernate (see [1])
  • /etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/com.ubuntu.enable-hibernate.pkla
  • Enter:
 [Re-enable hibernate by default in upower]
 [Re-enable hibernate by default in logind]
  • Save and exit
  • killall indicator-session-service
Rip music
Install Asunder via Synaptic (see [2]) which seems to be better than Sound Juicer.
Print CD covers (and other labels)
Install gLabels (see [3]).